Kiwi fruit is a delicious berry of a woody, twining vine and is popularly known with its shortened version as ‘kiwi’. It is native to China and is revered as the country’s national fruit. Originally known as ‘Yang Tao’, kiwi is an oval-shaped, dull brown colored fruit with a fuzzy texture. The inside pulp is a vivid, semi-translucent, bright green flesh with a radiant pattern of lighter-colored spikes, freckled with a few tiny, edible black seeds. Kiwi fruit has a unique and invigorating flavor with a soft and just about creamy texture. The Actinidia genus which includes kiwi comprises of about 60 species. Globally, the most commonly consumed varieties are the ‘fuzzy’ and ‘golden’.
Because colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related death for women worldwide, and the third-leading cause for men, this finding is especially important to help curb the preventative epidemic. The standard-of-care chemo drug used for colon cancer has seen limited success, and also has a depressing list of serious side effects: coronary spasm, neurotoxicity, anemia, and immunosuppression. Researchers decided to focus on apples as a natural means of treating cancer because the fibrous option is the most widely consumed fruit in many countries; apples have also already demonstrated anti-cancer activity against breast cancer, ovarian cancer, lung cancer, liver cancer, and colon cancer. Further more, oligosaccharides can cheaply be derived from apple pomace – a widely available waste product left over from the apple juice processing industry,.